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DIY: Your 5-Step Financial Planning Guide

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If you’re starting out to plan your financial future, it can get overwhelming. While many opt for a financial advisor to take care of the entire process, you can always handle your financial planning all by yourself (it’s simple, really) if you’ve got the right tools.

For starters, here’s what you need:

1. Set Goals!

Chalk out your goals—it can be short term, like paying off your card payment bills or long term, to meet expenses like retirement and your kids’ education.

Take a step back and do a reality check. Where do you stand now? How are your cash flows? How soon can you meet your expenses? Create a timeline to achieve these targets (and ensure you meet them!)

2. Do The Math

Calculate your total assets, after deducting the debts—and budget smart. Ditch your debt to stay away from piling on more to your list of financial risks. If you’ve got way too many debts to clear and it’s becoming increasingly difficult to keep track of them, here’s a great tool that comes in handy.

3. Build An Emergency Fund

Uncertainties can be hard, more so if they have a significant financial impact—be it an illness, job loss, or even global downturns.

To evade being stranded, ensure that you’ve built an emergency fund (a good start would be to keep aside six months’ worth of expenses), along with solid insurance coverage to back you up.

4. Hire The Right Agents

Apart from the general power of attorney, also ensure you lay out a directive in case a medical emergency comes up (if you’re incapacitated—we know, it’s not the best of thoughts to ponder over). To ensure you plan right, avail the services of an accountant, a real estate planning authority, and a medical power of attorney.

5. Earn Money On Your Money

The final step is to make sure you earn returns off your money. How’d you go about this? To start with, educate yourself. Read, read and read some more—research about what stocks, bonds, mutual funds, ETFs and other financial instruments do. Understand their risks, costs and how you can work on diversifying your investment.

It’s important to invest in something you understand.

Post this, set up your accounts to meet each of your goals—through monthly contribution plans, 401(k)s, low-cost index funds, IRAs or other savings plans. If all these details get you dizzy (or overwhelmingly hard), you’re better off with a financial planner who can do the research and investment planning for you.

Personal Finance

VIDEO: 3 Things You MUST Know About Your Credit Score

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We all know what a credit score is. Sort of. But what really goes into your credit score? In this video, Investopedia breaks it down. Here are the top 3 factors that affect your credit score — and what you can do about it.

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Personal Finance

These Are The Biggest Money Mistakes You Need To Avoid

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To build a solid financial base, you will need to be able to save more, shave off debt, and avoid tripping on financial mistakes that could have been avoided. Here are top money mistakes you need to steer clear of.

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Personal Finance

The Main Benefits of Being Financially Independent

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Being financially independent means different things to different people.

To some, it means retiring and traveling the world, relaxing at home, or doing whatever you love.

For others, it means having the financial stability to have at your back, while you continue your career or business.

In general, financial independence is defined as when your passive income is higher than your living expenses. Here’s the issue though…

It can be a moving target.

You need different levels of income at different points in your life. Let me explain

How Much Money Do I Need?

If you are 18 years old and have no debts, are healthy, and can get by with little, the amount of income you actually need to get by is very low.

Eventually, you might get married, have a family, a dog, etc. So, the income you need to sustain this is a lot higher.

Then, the kids move out and you downsize. You need a lot less again.

Then you start to get older and you find your health failing you. Your costs will go up once again.

So, at a minimum, I’ve already outlined 4 different points in your life where your “financial independence number” will go up or down.

Regardless of the difficulty in calculating exactly how much you’ll need, there still are a lot of benefits to strive for financial independence. Let’s take a look at those.

Freedom of Choice

I already alluded to it a bit, but the biggest benefit to financial independence is freedom.

As soon as your passive income is higher than your wages, you’ll find that you don’t need that job. You can continue to work, but you don’t have to. So, all the stress is gone.

Same goes if you’re a business owner. You can continue to grow your business if you want, but you don’t need to.

You could opt to walk away from it and do something else entirely. It allows you could leave the high paying job and find a job that is more rewarding.

Whatever you choose to do, it’s because you’ve achieved Financial Independence.

You’ll Be Able to Make More Money

You can never unlock your true potential as long as you are a slave to your job or business. It’s hard to pursue other opportunities when you can’t afford to leave your job.

As an employee, you can earn money by working more, getting a raise, or getting better positions. But, you are actually very limited because most of your time is dedicated to the job.

And that brings us to the heart of financial independence – time. The most valuable commodity is time, and if your time is spent working for someone else, it isn’t spent finding new opportunities for growth.

By growing your passive income to the point where you don’t have to work anymore, you can unlock that time and harness all of your intelligence and creative power to pursue more valuable endeavors.

You’ll Actually Get to Retire

If you haven’t realized it yet, Social Security is going to go broke, pensions can disappear overnight, and even state or municipal government benefits can be slashed to pennies on the dollar.

While some people will be able to retire with these, we should not depend on them entirely. Doing so will make it far less likely that you’ll have the security you need or want in retirement.

But, retirement isn’t something many of us worry about until it’s far too late. We don’t save or prepare, then find ourselves unable to retire.

So many people work until they are no longer able to work and they are forced to retire. By then, they have no way to actually enjoy any of their ‘retirement.’

If you are financially independent at a young age, you are kind of already retired. Additionally, you can continue to work and just save everything to get to a point where you are truly prepared for retirement.

You might even be able to afford to retire early and enjoy your later years to their full potential.

Passive Income is Like Unemployment Insurance

Unemployment insurance covers only a portion of your lost wages. But, if your passive income is already at or above your wages, then it’s like a really good insurance policy.

The fact is that many industries are changing and advancing, which is leaving its older workers behind. Having financial independence means that you’ve got something to fall back on and can take your time to find new work without worrying.

You Can Plan

A lot of people never plan ahead. While they might plan their next vacation, wedding, or Black Friday shopping spree, most people aren’t planning for their finances next month let alone 20 years from now.

A lot of that comes from the belief that it’s impossible to get ahead, be successful, wealthy, and secure. Planning ahead would just be depressing.

But, if you work to attain financial independence, planning for the future becomes fun. Who doesn’t want to think about the future when the world is your oyster?

You’ll Be Less Stressed

Money is one of the leading causes of worry and stress in our society and in most households.

Having more passive income can help with your finances, allowing you to enjoy the company of your spouse and children. It can allow your family to actually enjoy each other rather than always being stressed over paying bills.

Why Aren’t You Chasing F.I.?

What is holding you back from pursuing financial independence? Comment below.

This article originally appeared on IdealREI.  Follow them on Facebook, Instagram and Twitter.

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